Lets talk little bit about wine!
From the numerous contributions the Romans made to the world, both ancient and of those passed on to modern society, perhaps the most lasting was the art of wine (vinum) making. Wild grapes, though now nearly extinct, grew in abundance throughout the Mediterranean and were cultivated in earnest throughout the region. The Etruscans and Greeks were the preeminent wine consumers in Italy prior to the rise of Rome, and though wine was an important part of the Roman diet, it didn’t become the cultural icon of their society from the very start. Wine has a rich history dating back to around 8000 BC. The areas that wine had found were Georgia, Iran and Armenia. Lot of empires believed that wine is special. Even in Christianity wine used beverage as a common part of everyday life. According to the article Body of Christ, the Bread, the Wine,” Wine is traditionally to bedrunk by the presiding minister. Christians use wine in Holy Communion, namely, the body and blood of the executed Jesus. However wine has a huge impact on today’s world economy and human’s health.
Wine is playing a major role in the world wide trading and economy. The process of producing the wine plays a huge role in developing lots of jobs and markets for itself in every producing country. Planting and harvesting the grapes to the process of making the wine, then bottling and storing , to selling it either locally or exporting it require a huge amount of labor force and investments and creates markets that are huge as well for itself will enhance the economy of the producing country. That’s why nowadays so many counties such as France and Italy consider wine production and trading to be a corner stone in their economy. The largest producers of wine in the world are Italy, France, USA, and SPAIN. For example; Italy is the first or the second largest producer of wine in the world. According to the Italian Agriculture Census, there were 2.6 million farms in 2000 (down from 3 million in 1990,) covering 19.6 million hectares. The vast majority (94.7%) are family-operated and small, averaging only 5 hectares in size. Of the total surface area in agricultural use (forestry excluded,) vineyards 5.4%.“As the country recovers from the recessionary environment, the wine industry continues to look positive,” Eric Schmidt, manager of information services for the Beverage Information Group. Another telling number came from The Wine Institute. Though California vintners shipped more wine to other parts of the country in 2009 than the year before, total sales revenue slipped to $17.9billion, about 3 percent less than 2008. We can say that at present America becomes one of the biggest wine markets in the world. According to The Times newspaper, “Analysts believe supermarkets could have to pass on further price increases in the coming months on some products such as bread”.
Studies have suggested a close relationship between the moderate consumption of red wine and a healthy heart. This phenomenon goes under the name French Paradox because although the French eat as much saturated fat as Americans, they seem to enjoy better overall cardiovascular health. Even though these studies show that polyphenol, which is in red wine, can help your heart, blood circulation, and many other things, doctors still argue about this, especially American doctors disagree with this outcome. On September 14, 1998, a team from Pap worth Hospital in Cambridge England successfully demonstrated that red wine contains a high proportion of substances called polyphenol, which inhibit the deposit of fat in the blood vessels. These plant pigments tend to be a very strong antioxidant. Polyphenlos can be found in grape skins but they are discarded early in the process of making white wine. The study found that red wine, but not white wine, has antioxidant activity. According to Wikipidia.org “A polyphenol antioxidant is a type of antioxidant containing a polyphenolic substructure. Numbering over 4,000 distinct species, these compounds have antioxidant activity in vitro but are unlikely to have antioxidant roles in vivo. Rather, they may affect cell-to-cell signaling, receptor sensitivity, inflammatory enzyme activity or gene regulation”. “A thing is right when it tends to preserve in the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic community. It is wrong when ittends otherwise” (Aldo LEOPOLD 745).We can think that wine has a good effect of human body. Doctors offer to their patients to drink one or two glass of wine in a week. Drinking wine once or twice a week reduces the risk of heart disease especially in middle aged and elderly men. Even in first three months pregnancy drinking a glass of wine has no harm for the baby. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) has produced draft that pregnant women can consume up to 1.5 units of alcohol a day after the first three months of pregnancy. A glass of red wine contains tiny amounts of carbohydrate and protein but no fat. Therefore, in the diets people prefer to drink wine instead of drinking any other beverages because red wine designed to help people lose weight and eat a healthy diet.
In conclusion, it’s been so long time that we have wine in our lives. Wine is alcohol beverage that is made from usually grape, apple or berry. According to the Michael POLLAN in “Botany of Desire”, in early ages alcohol was the great beneficence of sugar. The sweetest fruit makes the strongest drink, where grapes didn’t do well, that was usually apples. But wine is not only an alcohol, it’s a life choice. In my opinion Food taste so much better with wine. Besides it helps on keeping people in shape rather than saving all the unnecessary fats in the body.